Infotipsnews.com – The Use Artificial Intelligence Technology in Modern Era. Artificial Intelligence technology is a term that is now quite often discussed. This one technology studies how to make machines or computer systems to do work as and as well as humans do. In fact, better than humans do.
AI tech or often also known as artificial intelligence can be written in C, Pascal, Basic, and other programming languages. IoT or Internet of Things and big data are examples where AI can be implemented.
It is a type of technology that can connect every device. There’s also one that can automate all devices without having to be on site. This promises a lot of convenience for the government and industrial sectors.
Artificial Intelligence technology is manmade intelligence added to a system that can be managed in a scientific context. Artificial intelligence or AI is the intelligence of scientific entities.
According to Michael Haenlein and Andreas Kaplan, Artificial Intelligence is the ability of a system to correctly interpret external data, to learn from that data, and to use that learning to achieve particular goals and tasks through flexible adaptation.
Meanwhile, according to John McCarthy (1956), AI is to find out and model human thought processes and design machines to imitate human behavior.
How Artificial Intelligence Technology Works
Systems such as artificial intelligence are generally thought of as computers. Intelligence is created and put into a machine (computer) so that it can do work like humans can.
Several kinds of fields that use AI tech are expert systems, computer games (games), fuzzy logic, artificial neural networks and robotics.
Technically, Artificial Intelligence technology is a statistical model that is used to make decisions by generalizing the characteristics of a data-based object, which is then installed in various electronic devices.
Many things seem difficult for human intelligence, but for informatics relatively unproblematic. For example: transforming equations, solving integral equations, to making chess games.
On the other hand, things that for humans seem to require a little intelligence, until now are still difficult to be realized in informatics. For example: Object/Face Recognition, to playing soccer.
AI tech works according to programming algorithms on a given computer system in the manufacturing process. Algorithm programming framework of Artificial Intelligence technology in processing various types of data.
Reporting from Brookings, AI tech programming algorithms require large and powerful data for computers to distinguish useful patterns. With complex algorithms and so much data, machines seem to be able to think for themselves, make decisions, learn, and adapt.
History of Artificial Intelligence
Reporting from Merdeka, the history of Artificial Intelligence began in the 1950s. Alan Turing, a pioneer of AI tech and British mathematician conducted an experiment. Turing (Turing Test) is a computer through its terminal placed remotely.
At one end there is a terminal with Artificial Intelligence technology software and at the other end there is a terminal with an operator. The operator did not know that at the other end of the terminal Artificial Intelligence software was installed.
They communicate where the terminal on the other end responds to a series of questions posed by the operator. the operator thought that he was communicating with another operator who was on another terminal.
Turing thought that if a machine can make a person believe that he is able to communicate with other people, then it can be said that the machine is intelligent (like humans).
Use of AI
Artificial Intelligence technology is a very important branch of computer science, dealing with intelligent behavior, learning and adaptation in a machine. Research in AI concerns the creation of machines and computer programs to automate tasks that require intelligent behavior.
Examples are control, planning and scheduling, the ability to answer diagnostics and customer inquiries, and handwriting, voice, and facial recognition. These have become disciplines in their own right, focusing on providing solutions to real-life problems.
AI systems are now widely used in economics, science, medicine, engineering and the military, as have been built into several home computer software applications and video games. Currently, there are many machines that can interpret certain conditions or events with the help of Artificial Intelligence technology.
One of them is a smart camera that detects vehicle volume density on the highway using Deep Learning Neural Network technology, which has been implemented in several Regency and City Governments in support of the Smart City program.
In the industrial sector, many have also automated production and manufacturing machines using robots and Artificial Intelligence, so that Industry 4.0 increases competitiveness through smart devices. Every entity that is able to master this technology has a competitive advantage.
This AI tech not only wants to understand what an intelligence system is, but also constructs it. To create an Artificial Intelligence technology application there are 2 main parts that are needed:
1. Knowledge Base, are facts, theories, thoughts and relationships between one another.
2. Motor Inference (Inference Engine), the ability to draw conclusions based on knowledge and experience.
Impact of Using Artificial Intelligence
Artificial intelligence has many good impacts such as increasing work effectiveness. Systems with AI tech tend to work faster, more accurately, and have fewer errors caused by fatigue and carelessness.
With Artificial Intelligence technology, it can increase the likelihood of successful medical treatment. For example, the da Vinci surgical system uses robotic technology to perform operations that are more precise, accurate, and minimally traumatized to patients.
The negative impact of AI tech is the major changes it causes to the work system of mankind. Where a lot of work will be done by machines with artificial intelligence, it is feared that it will shift the human workforce and cause unemployment.
The existence of machines with AI tech can enlarge social inequality. Because investors as well as artificial intelligence companies will reap a lot of profits, while people who are replaced by machines will experience poverty.
AI tech that can adapt, is considered scary because it may come to the stage that they no longer need humans as their masters. Even though Artificial Intelligence technology is very important in order to make easy humans’ every day life, the role of humans as its ‘brain’ is still needed.